History - PARMA FC

The origin and first years

Verdi Football Club was established on 27th July 1913, then the name was changed into Parma Football Club, whose uniform was a white shirt with a black cross in the middle.The games started in 1919/20 when the second place was achieved in the eliminatory leg of the Emilian championship. In 1925/25 the first promotion: Parma team moved from the second to the first Division. In 1928/29 it won the first leg tournament with the consequent admission to the newly born B Division.

The debut in the B Division

Parma football team started its B Division championship on 6th October, 1929 defeating Biella team (2-0). The Emilian team performed in the B Division for three years before being relegated to the lower Division at the end of 1931/32 football season. In the meantime the name was changed into A.S.Parma. From 1932 to 1935 the team gained two second places with the consequent admission to the C Division, established in 1935/36. Parma’s best performance was a forth place gained in 1939/40 championship.

The long cycle in the C Division

Before the first world war Parma Football Team constantly gained good results in the C Division: in 1941/42 a second place and in 1943 the promotion to the B Division by winning the G set in C with 17 victories on a total of 19 games (82 goals). In spite of having defeated Verona team in the promotional leg held in Brescia, due to some players’ corrupted behaviours towards Lecco team in the last tournament, Parma was relegated to the last place, its player Colombi was stroke off as well as three Lecco players (Barcella, Bacis and Fornari). After the war, Parma Team at first played for three years in the B Division then it was relegated to the C Division in 1948/49 championship, due to a lost match against Spezia team held in Milan (4-1). Therefore a new cycle in the C Division started and it lasted 5 years in which the Parma players gained twice the second place and at the end they once more obtained the admission to the B Division.

Eleven years in the B Division

Following 1953/54 achievement of the first place with 43 scores, 17 victories, 9 draws and 8 defeats, Parma team entered into one of its most brilliant upturn (the forward Korostelev started the new era by scoring 15 goals on the global 45) which lasted for 11 years, with the best performance in 1954/55 at the ninth place. In 1956/57 the player Erba was the leading goalscorer (16 scores). Ivo Cecconi and his 308 played games must be mentioned as well.

In 1960/61 Parma Team approached the European scenario, gaining two victories against the Bellinzona Team in the Alpes Cup.

Sadly in 1964/65 the team fell back on the last place of the B Division with 23 scores and therefore far from the safety zone by three lenghts.

The D Division period

After the C relegation, the D one immediately followed, and at the same time the football team name was changed several times, till the merger in 1969 with Parma A.C. Team, who had gained  the forth place in the regional competition.
The decade ended by finally leaving the D Division thanks to a first place gained in 1969/70.

The 70′s and the 80′s between B and C Divisions

1972/73: Parma team was back to the B Division, under Giorgio Sereni’s leadership.                        A suffered game against Udine Team was won at 2-0, thus gaining the championship.

1973/74. An incredible fifth place was achieved by Parma Team but within 12 months the dreams to gain the Premier League crashed and the team was relegated to the C division in 1974/75 as a consequence of the final place, till a second place in 1978/79 provided the team, leaded by Cesare Maldini, with the return to the B Division, by winning against the Trieste Team (3-1 in the extra time, with two goals scored by the news promising player Carlo Ancelotti).

Unfornately this advance into B Division did not last, as in the 80s the Team was once again relegated to the C Division, with the only exeception of the 1983/84 championship, leaded by Marino Perani. 1985/86 was the last championship in the C Division by the Parma Team in its whole history, as a definitive bringing back to the B Division was then accomplished by Arrigo Sacchi who succeeded in driving Parma to the seventh place in 1986/87 championship, by such a brilliant and modern playing that it drew the attention of Milan Team President,Silvio Berlusconi, whose team lost the Italian Cup game against Parma. Hence the foundations for the big jump into the Premier League started to be laid.

1989/90: the historic promotion in the Major League.
The historic promotion in the Major League happpened on 27th May, 1990, on the second-last day in the championship by winning the forever rival team of Reggiana (Osio’s and Melli’s scores), under Nevio Scala’s leadership which will mark the history of the Parma in his first Major League period as well as in the Cups , with famous players such as Melli, Minotti, Apolloni and the “mayor” Marco Osio.

The 90s: the golden age begins.
Under Nevio Scala’s guidance, Parma team moved into the Major League on 9th September 1990. The first match held at Parma against Juventus was lost 1-2 with Melli’s first penalty score in the new Division.  The fans was revenged 15 days later by the victory over Maradona’s Neapolitan team (1-0 by Osio’s score). In 1990 championship Parma gained the sixth place and it got qualified for  the Uefa Cup. The 1991/92 championship started an extremely positive era which provided the team with four champion titles. In spite of the defeat in the Uefa Cup (the Team was eliminated at the first round by the Cska Sofia), Parma won the Italia Cup over Juventus (2-0) on 14th May, 1992 (Melli’s and Osio’s scores). In the same sporting season, Alberto Di Chiara was chosen for playing in the Italian National Team, debuting on 31st May, 1992 , Italia-Portugal (0-0).
1992/1993: on 12th May, at Wembley Parma defeated Anversa (3-1), therefore gaining the Winners Cups trophy, thanks once more to a vital Melli’s score.
1993/94 the Team won the European Super Cup trophy, playing on 2nd February in Milan against Capello’s Milan Team (2-0 in the extra time). On the other hand, Parma lost in the same football season the Winners’ Cups trophy against the Arsenal team (1-0). A special reward was given to Parma fans as well, by hosting the Italian National Team on 27th May, 1994 at Parma stadium against Finland, who was defeated by 2-0. The best Sala’s football season was 1994/95 with the second acquisition together with Lazio, following a long head to head match with Juventus, who finally won the championship. The challenge Parma-Juventus was constant in 1994/95, as the two teams achieved both the Italian Cup final (won by Juventus) and the Uefa Cup (won by Parma, first

leg held in Parma 1-0 and second leg in Milan 1-1). The hero of the Cup competition was Ddino Baggio, who scored both goals. Scala’s leadership ended in 1995/96 with a sixth place in the championship.

The era of the emerging couches.

Following Nevio Scala’s era and the win of 4 titles in 4 years, Parma was approaching the national championship. Leaded by Carlo Ancelotti, it gained the second place after a long head to-head with Juventus. Such an important achievement provided the Team with the participation to the Champions League competition.

1997/1998 Parma was a disappointment, as it gained only a second place in the national championship and was defeated at the first Campions League ballot, meaning a further delay in the shield target and the team coach became the young Alberto Malesani, from Verona, who faced a difficult starting but with a constant firmness he leaded the team to a successful 1998/99, when Parma not only was qualified for the Champions League, bu also won the Italian Cup against Fiorentina (previously trained by Malesani himself) and the Uefa Cup against the Olympique Marsiglia in Moscow (3-0).

At the beginning of 1990/00 another success occurred to the Team who won its first League Super Cup defeating Milan (2-1). Immediately after the Team was defeated by the Glasgow Rangers in the first Champions League round. As far as the national championship was concerned, Parma obtained the fourth place together with Inter (3-1), thus missing the access to the Champions League

In 2000/01 and 2001/02 Parma witnessed a continuous change of coachers: Malesani left in January 2001, replaced by Sacchi who soon resigned due to health problems, then Ulivieri took charge who brilliantly provided the team with a fourth place in 2000/01 championship and to a consequent new qualification in the Champions League preliminaries.

Furthermore, he leaded the team to the Italian Cup finals, though dramatically lost against Fiorentina.

The beginning of 2001/02 championship season was one of the most difficult in Parma team history: Parma was defeated by the French Lille in the Champions League, faced a critical beginning in the national championship and the coacher Ulivieri was replaced in the autumn by Passarella, who only lasted till December when Carmignani was enganged. In a very pragmatical way he succeeded in slowly gaining back several position in the championship, saving the team and providing Parma with its third Italian Cup, won against Juventus (1-0).

Prandelli: Parma team places a bet on the youth.
In 2002/03 Cesare Prandelli became the new Parma coach. He started the ‘Parma Project’, based on the skill evaluation of some valid young players, both Italian and foreigner, chosen for their moral and sporting attitude. Prandelli, coming from Orzinovi, will always be remembered by Parma fans for his great achievements ( no.2 consecutive fifth places), in spite of several  obstacles faced during

his working activities. In the summer prior 2002/03 sproting season, captain Fabio Cannavaro was sold and replaced by the new promising Brazilian forward Adriano. The Italian Super Cup was lost by Parma against Juventus (2-1), in a surreal match held in Tunisia: the juventus goals were scored by Del Piero while the only Parma score was performed by Di Vaio, who then was sold to the Juventus team. Parma replaced him with Adrian Mutu from Verona, who formed a successful and brilliant couple with Adriano, together driving the team to gaining the fifth place in the national championship and consequently to participating in the yearly Uefa Cup competition. Later in 2004 Adrian Mutu was sold to Chelsea. In spite of this, Parma held on and thanks to Adriano’s leading role, it reached the highest place in the national championship.

Then bad times overcame on Parma team, both for an accident which occurred to Adriano, banning him from the sporting fields for 2 months, and for Parmalat headquarters’ bankruptcy. Even so, Parma didn’t get discouraged by these negative events: Adriano was replaced by a brilliant under 21 player named Alberto Girardino from Biella, who won everybody’s exteem by his several positive actions and goals. In the meantime, the Brazilian player recovered and was sold to Inter team in order to facing the critical economic issues. Parma moved on, got organized in a compact team and managed to end the championship at the fifth place (missing by one goal the qualification to the Champions League in the game against Inter, where Adriano scored the decisive goal)

Parma only obtained the Uefa Cup, playing for the fourteenth time in an European contest.

2004/05: the most difficult year ends with a play-off in Bologna. Parma holds to the Major League.

2004/04 was undoubtedly the most dfficult sporting season for Parma, playing in the Major League. Following the Parmalat bankruptcy, Parma AC S.p.A. was declared insolvent and put under a special administration.

On 25th June, 2004 Parma FC S.p.A. was set up as a performing company, provided wth a sporting title and an ensemble of players, who later had to be sold in order to satisfy Parma FC creditors’ demands.
Parma AC commissioner Enrico Bondi and Parma FC President Guido Angiolini entrusted the Club Management to the Managing Director Luca Baraldi, whose first move was to keep in the sporting organization the centre forward Alberto Girardino (24 goals in the previous season), rejecting several important purchase proposals.

After a long time, Parma decided to change its yellow blue strip and to restore the old glorious one with the black cross (dark blue, in order to please the sponsors) on a white background. The team was trusted to Silvio Baldini, in replacement of Prandelli, but it was unable to achieve positive results, ending at the bottom level and on 31st December 2004, after the defeat against Livorno (2-0), the couch was dismissed and temporarily replaced by his assistant Daniele Zoratto till the nomination of Pietro “Gedeone” Carmignani, coming back after three years of absence to save

Parma Team from receding in the B Division. The team slowly started to recover and to gain back some places in the national classification.

Though no results were gained in the Italian Cup ballot (Parma was defeated by Fiorentina), some positive achievements were obtained in the Uefa Cup: Carmignani set in action youth players from the Primavera team (Dessena and Savi) and the group grew slowly but strongly, the qualification leg was overcome, playing against Atletico Bilbao, Steaua Bucarest, Standard Liegi, Besiktas and winning several teams such as Stoccarda, Siviglia, Austria Vienna, till the semifinal against the Moscow Cska. On 5th May 2005, at the Moscow Lokomotiv Stadium, Parma was defeated by the Russian team, after a disgraceful accident occurred to the goalkeeper Luca Bucci, who had to leave the field due to a smoke candle thrown by the adversary sector.In spite of Parma official complaint, Uefa Association confirmed the validity of the game and by the end Parma was quite gratified by this result, which showed the cabability of the team.

As far as the national championship was concerned, alternating results kept the situation pending till the final games were completed. The last one was played against Lecce and it ended with a draw which meant a play-off with Bologna team, held at Tardini Stadium on 14th June, 2005, a difficult match due also to several home bans inflicted by the referee De Santis in the second-last game. Therefore the coach Carmignani in the forst leg competition chosed a similar Uefa Cup formation, with several Primavera youths who fiercely fought and surrendered only at the final result of 1-0 (goal scored by Tare).
The optimism carried the Team towards the second leg competition held on 18th June 2005, supported by thousands Parma fans with their supporting slogans. The final result was 2-0, with the goals of Captain Cardone and Alberto Gilardino (playing his last game with Parma), Such a victory overcame all previous won games.

2005/06: Parma leaded by Beretta made a safe at 4 games before the end and gets the 10th place.

The Internal events and the society critical economic issues had a deep influence on the team results, also disturbed by rumours of possible acquisitions and consequent new coaches coming into view.

In spite of the uncertain atmosphere, during 2005/05 season Parma FC was still kept under Parma AC special administration, meaning that the team continued to be controlled by Enrico Bondi  with Guido Angiolini in the President role, with a few months co-operation with the new managing director Alberto Peroglio Longhin, who replaced the resigning Luca Baraldi.
The sporting director Oreste Cinquini continued his technical director role, while a new couch was appointed int the person of Mario Boera.

Pietro Carmignani then took charge of the Primavere Team.

The Team, deprived of Gilardino, Frey and Bono but at the same time enriched by the arrival of Morfeo and the return of Fernando Couto, with some difficulties started its championship. In December the First Division seemed pretty near but both the Managing Team and the players didn’t give in and a quick going back up took place, thanks to a perfect combination of a strong practical mentality and the powerful drive of the bomber copule Bresciano-Simplicio.

Parma also succeeded in gaining precious scores in away matches.

March was a lucky month witha sequence of victories at Messina, Lecce and at Tardini stadium against Livorno and Lecce teams,then an irrilevant defeat at Udine followed by two other victories: 4-0 against Reggina and 2-1 against Sampdoria. OnSaturday 15th April 2006, four games before the champhionship end, the result became certaina and the tenth place unquestionable.

2006/07: the rescue was gained in the last day.
2006/07 Parma FC sporting season started uphill. The team, leaded by the young couch Stefano Pioli, faced a difficult calender, having to meet strong teams such as Torino, Milan, Fiorentina, Rome and Sampdoria, and in spite of Pioli’ s staff great job, it quickly reached the bottom, a serious blow for the team self-esteem.The situation was worsened by the constant rumours of a possible conveyance of the sporting society, following President Guido Angiolini’s leave.However, the situation improved and the negative consequences of Parmata bankruptcy were overcome. On January 25th, 2007 Parma FC was acquired by a new Society, “La Eventi Sportivi srl”, controlled by the manufacturers Tommaso Ghirardi, who later became the youngest President of the Major League, and Angelo Medeghini (Vice President), together with Monte Parma Bank (holding the 20% of the shares), whose President Alberto Guareschi was appointed Parma FC honorary president, forming a sort of trio playfully named “ the three musketeers”.

In January the team was strengthened by two new acquisitions: Giuseppe Rossi from the Manchester United and the midfielder Francesco Parravicini who became an effective Parma player during the following summer.

In the second leg competition Parm won against Torino but it later faced two defeats with Milan and Rome, therefore President Ghirardi took the unpopular decision of replacing the coach Stefano Pioli with Claudio Ranieri, endowed with a great charism and a successful working experience, who was able to provide the Team with new strength and longlasting motivations,together with new playing systems. Three games followed one after the other in the same week, the Uefa Cup Finals against Praga, the championship game against Sampdoria and the second leg competition against the Portoguese Team and though the results didn’t meet the fans’ expectations, the team showed a new strong fighting spirit and a resolute will, steadily motivated by the new couch who was constantly stimulating both the players and the staff, supported by his assistant Christian Damiano, the goalkeepers’ coach and the athletic trainer Riccardo Capanna.

The new ‘crusades’ started to gain some scores, such as the draws against Ascoli, Reggina and Atalanta.

The new team attitude and personality gave their results in the second half of the second leg competition: on 18th March 2007 the victory over Siena (trained by Mario Beretta), and then the win at Tardini stadium against Livorno, the draw with Catania and again the victories over Palermo, Fiorentina and Cagliari, which allowed the team to gain more confidence, showing also a dignified degree of fair play when the defender Matteo Contini declared his faulty action during the game against Prandelli’s team, avoiding the expulsion of his adversary.

The mass media started to draw their attention to the team and its brilliant results and President Ghirardi was often involved in commenting broadcasting events. It became famous the story of the comic actor Gene Gnocchi, who after having acquired Parma membership card, was introduced at the Collecchio Sporting Centre as a newly acquired player of Parma team, therefore delivering the message that football is mainly play and entertainment.
Gene Gnocchi didn’t fulfill his wish to play for 5 minutes in the Major League, as Parma succeeded in moving forward only in the last game of the championship, in a fighting environment which involved several teams such as Chievo (who won over Parma), Messina (defeated by Parma 4-1 thanks to Rossi, Gasbarroni and Muslomovic scores), Lazio (draw match), till the last game, on 27th May, 2007 against Empoli, ended with Parma victory (3-1 Muslimovic, Budan and Gasbarroni).

The whole Parma town celebrated the spectacular event which testified the inovative spirit of the new sporting society and in valueing the clean sporting attitude of young players together with the experience of precious talents such as Bucci, Budan, Couto, Gasbarroni , Parravicini and many other. A new season was beginning, guided by the new couch Domenico Di Carlo, who combined his young enthusiasm with a solid experience in minor teams. Parma Project was on the verge of taking off, aiming high but also keeping a firm grounding.

2007/08: after 18 years in the Major League, Parma recedes.

This season started with the new couch Domenico Di Carlo, a young technician who previously had gained positive results driving Mantova Team from C2 to B Division and almost to the Major League. He had to face a vary group of new and old players such as Giulio Falcone, Damiano Zenoni, Stefano Morrone, Bernardo Corradi (back from a poorly gratifying experience at Manchester City) Andrea Gasbarroni and Francesco Parravicini were confirmed and Igor Budan was shared with Palermo team.

The beginning of the season was slow and wearing: a draw at Parma stadium against Silvio Baldini’s Catania team, a defeat with Ancelotti’s Milan team. The first score was gained against Torino at Tardini stadium,where the team showed the proper resolute attitude to face the coming games.The first victory occurred against Torino at Tardini stadium but it wasn’t followed by another equally positive game, as Udine defeated Parma in the extra times minutes, which became Parma nightmare in several games, whose results were reversed in the last fifteen minutes, either for  lack of attention or for some doubtful arbitrator’s decisions. President Galliano was heavily criticized but the Society didn’t lost the trust in his management and gradually some positive results were achieved: after two sharp defetas against Rome and Sampdoria, Parma won overo at Tandini stadium over Livorno, it drew against Palermo, Siena and Ranieri’s Juventus, then an important victory over Empoli, a false step in Naples and a great winat Tardini stadium over Reggina, a breath in the team’s struggleing in the second leg competition which started with two more defeats against Genoa and Fiorentina.

A change was strongly required by Parma’s fans and on 15th January 2008 their demands were satisfied by the acquisition of Cristiano Lucatelli, one of the biggest Italian player, welcomed at Tardini stadium both by the press media and by the fans. He started playing 5 days after his arrival at Parma, on 20th January 2008 against Inter, a negative match with several contested referee’s actions. Defeats and draws continued, with only one win over Udinese, causing the definitive fall of Mimmo Di Carlo who on 10th March 2008 was replaced by the worldwide known argentinian coach Hetor Cuper, who enlighted both the fans’ enthusiam and the players’ optimism for the remaining fifteen games of the championship.
A draw with Livorno and a victory over Palermo gained back positive hopes in the team but the following games brought only one victorry over Genoa and two useless draws against Lazio and Empoli. A defeat against Florence led President Ghirardi to take drastic measures in the last championship game: the argentinian couch didn’t lead the Team on 18th May at Tardini stadium against Inter. Parma team was instead led by Andrea Manzo (the Primavera trainer) and under a pouring rain it managed to hold out the adversary but in the second round Zlatan Ibrahimovic scored two goals, hence condemning Parma to withdraw after 18 anni years to the B Division.

President Ghirardi took upon himself the full responsibility; he enganged Gigi Cagni as a new coach and confirmed Cristiano Lucarelli, confiding in more positive results to be achieved in the  new sporting season.

2008-2009: the triumphal walk in the B Division.
After having spent 18 seasons  in the Major League, Parma had to start again its climbing up.
To reach such a target, like Chievo Team managed to do the previous year, a new couch Gigi Cagni was engaged and several players, such as Gasbarroni, Buda,Cigarini and Dessena,were sold to other playing teams and new ones were acquired: Leon, A.Lucarelli and Pegolo from Genoa, Budel from Empoli, Paloschi from Milan and the danish Troest from Midtjylland.

The championship started on 30th August 2008 at Tardini Stadium against Rimini (1-1 goal scored by Cristiano Lucarelli). In the following games Parma had difficulties in gaining the right playing balance, and it gained only 5 scores. Its fans had strong confrontations with Cristiano Lucarelli and Gino Cagni and after a draw against Brescia team, Parma FC decided to dismiss the coach Cagni and to engage Francesco Guidolin. The team gained three consecutive victories in the autumn, Parma-Empoli 1-0 , Mantova-Parma 1-3, Parma-Triestina 2-1, and a draw with Piacenza, gaining several positions in the championship up to the first one by the end of 2008.

In the winter Parma FC acquired new players: Vantaggiato and Lunardini from Rimini, D’Agostino and Manzoni from Atalanta, Ginestra from Ternana.
At the same time, some players were sold: Kutuzov to Bari, Matteini and Paponi to Rimini, Parravicini to Atalanta.

The second half of the championship, in January 2009, started with two draws in both the first and the second leg competition against Vicenza, then another draw against Rimini and a win  over Albinoleffe. In February, following an heavy defeat in Ancona, president Ghirardi decided to send the team to a training camp; afterwards the team recovered and positively moved upwards .

In March Parma reached the second place, following a successful match against Mantova (1-0) and then another important victories against Bari and Trieste and a draw against Livorno.

Three days before the championship end, the team was leading by 9 scores against Livorno, and the goal scored over Cittadella was sufficient to gaining the promotion to the Major League.Unfortunately the  celebration which was forecasted the following Saturday in the match against Vicenza, was sadly interrupted by the death of  a supporter from the hosting team, Eugenio Bortolan, who fell from the terraces.

Parma was determined to win the championship but, due to a draw in the last game against Sassuolo, Bari team got the first place. However, the season was rich of very important results: only 4 defeats, the highest amount of victories (65), together with Bari team, the best defence (34 goals), the best consecutive results (18) and on top Parma was the only team in the B division to never been defeated in his own stadium. Parma FC was once again back into the Major League.


Once back to the Major League, Parma began a partial revolution. Pietro Leonardi was appointed as new Managing Director, and several important players were acquired to strengthen the team: Mirante, Zaccardo, Panucci, Galloppa, Lanzafame, Biabiany and Bojinov.

The beginning of the new sporting season was a troubled one, as the team didn’t get positive results in the friendly matches and it was eliminated from the Italian Cup (1-1 against Novara at Tardini Stadium). However, Parma started the championship achieving a draw against Udinese (2-2) and then brilliant winning results followed, under the guidance of the couch Guidolin: at Tardini stadium against Catania, Palermo, Siena, Bari (2-0,with the unforgettable scores of Bojinov and Paloschi), Chievo and Bologna, as well as at the away matches against Samp (1-1), Genoa (2-2), Lazio and Fiorentina (3-2 with superb goals scored by Amoruso, Bojinov and Lanzafame).

At Christmas, Parma was at the fourth place, but the new year 2010 began with a defeat against Juventus (1-2), followed by a dark tunnel of similar negative results, with only 2 two scores in 9 matches. Nevertheless, the team slowly recovered thanks to its inner strenghts and capabilities, winning against Sampdoria (1-0, Zaccardo’s goal) and the welcome return of Valiani, Jimenez and Crespo helped in maintaining high level performances. On  14th March the victory over Atalanta  averted any fear of relegation.

Though a defeat against Genoa wiped out the team’s hopes to access the European competitions, other importan results were achieved, such as the victory over Juventus in Turin and the one  over Livorno in the last match (4-1), with a memorable goal stroke by Crespo Parma ended the 2010 championship at the eighth place.

At the beginning of  the new sporting season, Parma fans had great expectations for the new team led by the coach Pasquale Marino, who applied his own pattern 4-3-3, already implemented with Catania and Udine teams. Parma acquired Antonio Candreva and Sebastian Giovinco from Juventus and the defender Gabriel Paletta from Boca Juniors. The beginning was a tough one: in the first ten games only a victory against Brescia, then in January against Juve in Turin.

New acquistions were defined; the Italo-Brazilian Amauri from Juventus, Francesco Modesto and Raffaele Palladino from Genoa, which in its turn bought Antonelli and Paloschi.

Following the defeat in the match with Bari, last team in the list, Marino was dismissed and replaced by Franco Colomba, who since the first matches was able to provide the team with a better balance and motivations. Great results soon were achieved: an imposing victory over Inter (2-0), Udine (2-0) and Palermo (3-1). The relegation was definitively avoided thanks to the draw against

Bologna and the home victory over Juventus, which marked a rousing end of season, placing Parma at the eleventh place together with Chievo and Catania.